About the Researcher: Ayanna Rakhu
The topic for this research initiative was born out of my lifelong passion for swimming and a desire to see African-American communities equipped with the skills needed for participating in aquatic activities. This research will allow me to delve deeper into issues of racial disparities in swimming and gain insight into best practices for increasing diversity in swim participation. My hope is that the outcome of this study will guide the production of culturally relevant aquatic pedagogy and curriculum. Overall, the impact of this research has the potential to inspire cutting-edge aquatic programming strategies, increase aquatic participation, reduce drowning statistics, and expose the benefits of swimming to more diverse populations. This study is a testament to my life work and a declaration of the service I wish to provide for humanity. I am committed to being an agent of change for improved diversity, equity, inclusion, and social justice in the field of aquatics, and in all of my professional endeavors.
Read the following excerpt from USA Swimming News to learn more about Ayanna's story:
Ayanna Rakhu grew up in St. Louis, Missouri, where she learned to swim at 6 years old. After falling in love with the water, she tried swimming competitively until she was 12. “I loved swimming but hated competing,”
Rakhu realized. Her love of the water inspired her to get involved with aquatics in other ways, including lifeguarding at the local pool and currently being a part-time coach for Life Time Swim Team (LIFE). Rakhu has continued to push herself outside of the pool, earning a B.S. in Athletic Training, an M.S. in Sport Psychology, and, most notably, currently working towards her Ph.D. in Kinesiology at the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities.
Having sports be a part of her life growing up taught her many valuable skills, but it wasn’t until her daughter started swim lessons that she noticed other Black mothers weren’t swimming. “I felt this urge to get back into the water when I was pregnant,” Rakhu said. “I soon realized Black mothers aren’t swimming, so therefore Black kids aren’t swimming.” She quickly became interested in the reasoning behind what was keeping Black mothers away from the water and decided to complete her Ph.D. dissertation on the topic.
Gathered from focus groups and interviews with African American mothers, preliminary findings in her research show a vital aspect missing from learning to swim programs is a pre-evaluation. Pre-evaluations can ask questions about the swimmer and parents' water history, any traumas they might hold around the water as well as their proficiency in the water. Instructors can use pre-evaluations to help swimmers and their parents both feel more relaxed, calm, and ready for swim lessons.
Although Rakhu’s dissertation focuses on adults, a pre-evaluation can be tailored to help swim lessons for all ages and abilities. “If a mother is afraid of the water, the swim lesson instructor should be aware of that fear and be able to approach the lesson differently.” And that fear, when not addressed, could result in generations of families never learning how to swim. A USA Swimming Foundation study conducted by the University of Memphis and the University of Nevada – Las Vegas showed that if a parent or guardian doesn’t know how to swim, there’s only a 19% chance the child will learn how to swim.
Rakhu believes her findings could create a new framework for swim lesson providers — one that can help guide the development of a new curriculum that is culturally relevant, trauma-informed, and anxiety sensitive. She wants to transform the way swim lesson providers teach swim lessons to Black families, which could ultimately encourage Black mothers to feel comfortable getting their own children in swim lessons.
Your contribution will help further this research by covering operating expenses and curriculum development costs.
This research is supported by Better Family Life Minnesota, a collaborative community development organization.