Self-destructive personality disorder has a strange history. It first appeared in DSM-III in 1987 labeled "Self-Defeating Personality Type", but was relegated to the schedule which means we are "not sure yet" and "require more research". It was changed to "Negative Personality" in the DSM-IV but remained in the Appendix. Later, he was "collapsed" again in "Dependent Personality Disorder".
Widiger et al. (1988) described the early history of disorders also called " masochistic personality disorder." They noted how similar ideas have emerged in many psychiatric and psychoanalytic writers as the need to lower, the negative self-referential cognitive style leading to beliefs about being undesirable and unworthy and waiting for failure and the rejection.
However, they noted a considerable objection to the inclusion of this disorder. They understood that it was harmful for women and victims of abuse; it was an affective disorder not of the personality; he overlapped too much with Dependent and Passive-Aggressive Disorder; and anyway there was little empirical for its existence.
Despite taxonomic debates, this type is easily recognized in the workplace. So, how do you recognize the person who self-defeat?
· Love and psychoanalysis
· The 10 personality disorders
· Dependence, counter-dependence and interdependence
· Rebranding Psychiatry: Euphemisms, Stigma and Progress
· Personality Disorders Explained 3: Treatment
They are the devoted altruists of the disordered world of personality. They reach meaning in life and satisfaction by serving others and sacrificing for them. They may feel unworthy of attention and pleasure and unworthy of love, which is why they must deserve it. They work hard and hard for others and give everything in their relationships. But they do not want thanks or attention and feel uncomfortable with positive compliments or praise. They seem guilty, But they can be seriously neglected and under-recognized, causing pain and confusion. They tend not to have their own needs met. They see life as harsh, unjust and uncompromising, and their job is to help those less fortunate than themselves. They are well under stress but can be irritated if they are systematically ignored.
To a large extent, self-destructive personality is ideal at work. Workers, respectful, adaptable, they are very concerned about the value and the significance of the sadistic personality type disorder. They make workers reliable, loyal, undemanding and non- assertive. However, they rarely realize their potential: they refuse promotion to others.
Defeatists rarely find themselves as a manager or leader. But their dedication and loyalty can lead them to middle management positions. But inevitably, they have problems of delegation and discipline and take too many risks. They may rightly feel that their staff is ungrateful and poorly executed. Some, but a minority, may require staff to expect their subordinates to adopt a self-sacrificing behavior similar to themselves. Because they have problems of success, they can suffer from the impostor syndrome and self-destruct consciously or unconsciously. And, of course, they are extremely vulnerable to exploitation by others. Their generosity makes them masochistic, which was the term used previously for this disorder.