Norway suffered a massive risk of losing its forest. The country was notoriously logging the
wood for centuries. They used wood for timber and firewood. They had consumed the natural
resource vastly that it was a threat to the environment.
However, all that is in the past now. Norway has managed to replant three times as many
trees as it had before. They have developed guidelines that ensure only half the amount of
wood grown is utilized. This creates a balance of the trees to sustain them and also to have
some for commercial use. Annually only half of the trees are consumed and replanted as well.
This adherence to forest growth is enough for stabilizing greenhouse gas emissions.
The extensive exportation of trees to Europe and the West Coast had caused an alarming
decline in the 19 th century. Farmers also contributed to the poor conservation as they used the
wood for warmth. They also allowed free grazing for their animals, preventing forest growth.
There were no programs in place to enable regrowth of the forests.
The Norwegian government was alarmed when the number of forests hit a sharp decline. In
the 1800s, the officials decided to take up new measures and started taking account of the
forests. By 1919 they had decided to be the first country to have a complete assessment of all
their natural reserves.
The Norway National Forest Inventory decided that this information could be used to know
which areas were healthy, forests that had faster growth, which forests were to be preserved,
and how much forest could be logged.
In Norway, 25 forestry workers are set out to measure plots around the entire country each
year. Data collected for the five years is used to devise efficient programs that ensure
balance. Each cycle has over 10,000 locations for accurate data. The exercise has its
challenges, but it is instrumental.
The major problem the program faces is the utilization. Most of the conserved forests are
used for commercial reasons and not to support the biodiversity. Only 4% of the forest is
used for national reserves or game parks. The cut forests are usually replanted based on the
reforestation program. However, it is not of the same quality as the trees previously cut.
According to Do my homework now
, the government has fine-tuned the programs. They are more bent towards preserving
endangered species than commercializing timber. The new program also focuses on
measuring the amount of deadwood that serves as a habitat for endangered insects.
The main problem the forests face today is man-made climate change. Climate change affects
each tree individually and is, therefore, challenging to know preventative measures. The
DNA of a tree will determine the response to changes in temperature. The traits will be
affected differently by the environment.
Norway has done an exemplary job when it comes to tree conservation. The complete turn
around of the dying forests is merely remarkable. However, the battle does not end there; the
effect of climate change on the trees is a huddle we all need to face.
Let's help Norway to save its forests!